Each cell of your body is made of atoms at its most basic level. Each atom has a pair of electrons that keep it in balance. The electrons rotate around the core or proton cell. A free radical is formed when something causes the electrons to lose one of the pair. Much like Romeo and Juliet, the electrons are inseparable. The single electron or rogue electron now begins a voyage to find the missing partner. It does this by raiding the cell immediately in the vicinity and attempting to bond with it. Life before civilisation happened might have looked like this.
Atoms like stability and would go to great lengths to achieve it. In your body, this happens when they try and fill the missing electron either by filling its outer shell with an electron or by bonding with another atom to share its electrons, thus achieving stability. The rogue cell missing an electron is called a free radical.
A free radical can start a domino effect. The domino effect occurs as each cell that is raided and loses an electron, in turn, goes rogue and begins their journey to romantic bliss. No sorry, I mean cell stability. The chain reaction can create havoc in your body as all the cells surrounding get disrupted. The only way to stop this reaction is to eliminate the rogue cell. You might wonder what triggered this entire sequence in the first place? It was exposure to pollution, radiation, herbicides, cigarette smoke and even the food that you ate.
Your body reacts to the formation of free radicals by generating antioxidants. The role of antioxidants is to stop this chain reaction of free radicals. Your body needs Vitamin E, Vitamin C and beta-carotene to produce anti-oxidants. These Vitamins are typically found in vegetables, milk, citrus fruits, nuts, seeds, and fish oils.
Ensuring that you get your daily dosage of Vitamins especially C, E and beta-carotene help your body fight free radicals.