Your body produces a waxy fat like substance known as Cholesterol. Over the years, this substance has received a lot of negative attention. Cholesterol is believed to be one of the primary causes of cardiovascular diseases including stroke and heart attacks. It was also believed for a long time that the cholesterol in your food, for example in your eggs, increases the risk of heart diseases. In 2015, this belief was overturned as research showed that only five percent of the C. in your body comes from food. In fact it is now believed that the consumption of saturated fats and not cholesterol is the primary cause of disease. Saturated fats increase the production of cholesterol in your body. So what is cholesterol anyways?
It comes in several forms including High Density Lipoproteins, Low Density Lipoproteins, Triglycerides and Chylomicrons. The difference between HDL and LDL is in the concentration of Hydrogen atoms. HDL helps in the removal of LDL from your body. LDL is commonly known as the bad fat as it causes plaque and blockages in your body. Triglycerides are the most common form found in your body. Cholestorol is required to make hormones, in the production of Vitamin D, to produce bile which helps you digest the food in your intestines and also for the formation of body tissue. In short, it keeps you alive; so much for it getting a bad name.
The total cholesterol in your body is the sum of good cholestrol [HDL] and bad cholesterol [LDL] plus 20% of your trigyceride level. A high cholesterol level means that the total number of blood cells that contain cholesterol are higher than normal. An increased intake of carbohydrates are also known to increase the total cholesterol as carbohydrates increases triglycerides in your body. This puts you at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. Eating foods high in Omega 3 significantly reduces this risk. This is found in fish, walnuts and flax seeds.