Your body needs enzymes to break down food. Enzymes are required because, in its natural state, the food you eat could not be used as energy. Enzymes play the role of lowering the activation point of the food. In plain language, this means allowing your food to break down into energy. When you eat a pizza, a hormone called insulin is activated. Insulin regulates the enzymes that help you break down the pizza into energy. It does this by acting as a key that helps unlock the ability of the body to absorb the carbohydrate present in the food. Insulin is produced by the Beta cells found in your Pancreas in an area called the islets of Langerhans.
The presence of insulin not only helps your body break down food but also governs the production of glucose by the liver. In short, it is the director of the movie. You want her to be doing a good job. Insulin resistance is a condition when your cells fail to respond to the insulin produced. The resistance causes the carbohydrates to remain in the blood since your body is unable to absorb it resulting in a spike in blood sugar, commonly tested as morning fasting sugar.
The cause of the insulin resistance is excess carbohydrates; the inability of your body to cope with the amount that you have ingested. Your body compensates by producing higher quantities of insulin which triggers a vicious cycle of higher and higher production of insulin. The only way to stop this cycle is to reduce the load on your body by reducing the amount of carbohydrates being ingested.
This condition often goes unnoticed. Increased hunger, lethargy, weight gain and increased blood cholesterol; symptoms of insulin resistance would be dismissed by most of us as irritants. Actually, a deadly killer lurks within.