Ayurveda is the ancient Indian science of healing. Ayurveda literally means the science of life. According to Ayurveda, the body is composed of five elements, space, fire, water, air and earth. How these elements manifest themselves in your body is called a Dosha or bioelement. The key to Ayurvedic healing is to create balance or harmony of your dosha. There are three dosha’s, Vatta, Pitta and Kapha.
“Vatta is characterised by properties of dry, cold, light and movement. Movement in the body is due to vatta and pain.
Pitta is the fiery element or bile that secreted between the stomach and bowels and flowing through the liver and permeating spleen, heart, eyes, and skin; It is characterised by hotness, moist, liquid, sharp and sour, its chief quality is heat. It is the energy principle which uses bile to direct digestion and enhance metabolism. It is primarily characterized by body heat or burning sensation and redness.
Kapha is the watery element, it is characterised by heaviness, cold ,tenderness, softness, slowness, lubrication, and the carrier of nutrients. It is nourishing element of the body. All the soft organs are made by kapha, it plays an important role in taste perception, joint nourishment and lubrication.[For more read here]”
When your doshas are over or under expressed, your body develops diseases and pain. Dosha imbalance can have the following stages accumulation, aggravation, overflow, localization, manifestation and ultimately disease. Accumulation happens when one or more doshas is out of balance. Aggravation happens when it impacts the other doshas and cause imbalance. Overflow happens when the impact begins to flow to the rest of your body. Localization happens when if settles on a weaker part of your body. Manifestation happens when it starts to show symptoms. Disease happens when it converts into a full blown diseases. The key to curing in Ayurveda is therefore prevention – creating balance in the doshas to prevent the occurrence of disease.