Every day, I speak to or meet people who are pre-diabetic. Their morning sugar has started to tend to the higher side and so has their three-month fasting sugar or HBA1c. Often, a Doctor might tell them they are fine since they are not yet diabetic. The advice may or may not come with the suggestion to make lifestyle changes depending on the level or aggression of the Doctor to pre-emptively act.
Insulin resistance occurs when your diet includes a significantly higher quantity of sugar than your body can absorb. To convert the sugar into energy, the body secretes increasingly larger amounts of insulin. Over time your body becomes resistant to the insulin, requiring you to produce even greater quantities of insulin. If you do not act at this juncture, you are likely to turn diabetic. The important thing to understand is that making lifestyle changes at this stage is easy and can save you from a lifetime of health and medical challenges. These problems include liver, kidney and cardiac ailments, not to forget the minor problem of dealing with diabetes itself. You are better off identifying the problem and addressing it.
Treating insulin resistance requires reducing the total amount of carbohydrates in your food. More importantly, it requires you to switch from poor quality carbohydrates made from processed foods predominantly made from refined wheat. Eating more fruits and vegetables, good quality fat or lean proteins also help. Equally, ensuring that you regularly get eight hours of sleep, live a relatively stress-free life and exercise regularly help.
All of these if you are not already doing it may sound complicated to do. You may wish to take comfort from the fact that you learnt about your high sugar before it became diabetes. It is far easier to live a simple, healthy lifestyle instead of dealing with multiple complications medically. Insulin resistance is truly a self-acquired disease.