Diabetes and Your Eyes

It goes without saying that barring perhaps your beating heart; there is no more significant gift than eyesight while you are alive. Eyesight gives you the ability to contextualize the world you live in, see your friends and family and perform most of the tasks that we take for granted. Anything that could jeopardize your eyesight would, therefore, be of great concern to one and all. Not many are aware that a diet high in fast sugar or carbohydrates, which leads to diabetes, can then go on to affect your eyesight. To the extent that you can go completely blind. Obviously, you would prefer not to be in such a situation or take preemptive action. It starts with an understanding of the issue.

Diabetic retinopathy affects blood vessels in the light-sensitive tissue called the retina. It is the most common cause of vision loss in people with diabetes. Another cause of vision loss is called diabetic macular edema where the macula gets swollen. Often cataract and glaucoma are other diseases that can affect your eyes in people with diabetes.

A chronically high level of sugar in your blood damages the tiny blood vessels in your retina. It is your retina that detects light and converts it into a signal that your brain can comprehend. If you believe you are at risk, it is best to act at once. Early detection can often prevent the degeneration of your eyesight. Standard tests include a basic eyesight test and pupil dilation. Usually, the symptoms are undetected without an examination, and therefore people with diabetes should get their eyesight checked regularly. Once detected the solutions range from surgery to steroids. You are better off prevention the disease in the first place. Without prior knowledge, it would be hard to make the connection between food and eyesight. However, now you know – so watch what you eat. Please!


Ritesh is a born again health enthusiast and holds a Certificate in Physiology from Harvard Medical School and a Certificate in Nutrition from Tufts University.